Marble from Spain, a sign of quality
These figures, however, do not reflect two very important factors: The quality of Spanish marble and the growing sophistication of the natural stone sector in Spain. Registered, these two factors contribute to the marketing of a truly unique product in the natural stone market.
Marble has been valued for thousands of years for its rich palette of beautiful colors and appearance, and is perfect for almost anywhere in the house. Marble stones are limestone that has been subjected to heat and pressure. The transformation process takes place when the weight of the coating material, the pressure of glass collisions and the heat of the earth’s core, which generates temperatures in excess of 1800 º F. The texture of the marble depends on the shape, size and uniformity of the grains. The components of the marble element determine the color of the stone. Generally calcite and dolomite marbles are pure white. Variations in the whiteness of pure marbles are due to the mixture of foreign substances. These impurities form stripes and clouds.
Within the Spanish stone sector, the province of Alicante and its surroundings represent its most productive region. The four most extracted types of marble in Alicante are:
Cream Marfil Marble
The Cream Marfil marble is extracted from the Coto de Pinoso quarry in the town of Pinoso, in Alicante. This homogeneous ivory-coloured stone with exceptional physical qualities has earned it an important place in the product catalogues of the region’s main marble exporters.
In Pinoso there is an approximate area of 12 square kilometers of mountains formed by cream marble ivory. Of these 12 square kilometers, 8 are in the quarry of Monte Coto, with an estimated minimum depth of 50 meters of stone. The stone is extracted by vertical cuts 6 meters high on a horizontal base that are then dropped on a bed of soft earth. There, the stones are cut into blocks of standard marble between 6 and 7 cubic meters each.
At the end of the process, the volume of the standard blocks represents between 15 and 20% of the masonry stone. The remaining volume of material is then used for auxiliary commercial uses such as marble gravel and dust.
The Crema Marfil marble combines exceptionally well with Rojo Alicante forming spectacular contrasts and combinations.
Alicante Red Marble
The second type of Alicante marble best known worldwide is the Rojo Alicante or “Alicante Rojo”. Thanks to its remarkable aesthetic properties it is very suitable for the creation of luxury environments. This stone has a very low porosity and resists alterations due to temperature changes and environmental factors.
The Rojo Alicante deposits are located to the south of the road that joins the city of La Romana and Algueña and La Cavarrasa in the Coto of the town of Monóvar.
Rojo Alicante is well known for its elegance, distinction and versatility. This red marble stone can be presented in different finishes such as polished, honed and sandblasted.
Although it can be used in a multitude of different configurations, Rojo Alicante is particularly suitable for interiors. Mainly for flooring, staircases and artistic uses, this natural stone material blends perfectly with other Alicante marbles such as cream ivory and Bateig stone.
Imperial Brown Marble
The Imperial Brown marble or “Brown Imperial” is known for its characteristic dark brown color full of light yellow spots and its veins. This is one of the best known Spanish marbles and because of its colour and luxurious look it is often used to add an exclusive touch to any design.
This stone is currently mined in the area around Yecla, in the province of Murcia, near the border with Alicante and is extracted into large compact blocks. Imperial Brown is well suited to all types of finishes, both polished and matt. It is also frequently used as a component of artificial stone mixtures based on hardened resins.
Due to its deep deep colour, Imperial Marron is exceptionally well suited to be combined with ivory cream or other pale marbles.
Bateig Stone Sandstone
The stone Bateig Piedra owes its name to Mount Bateig between the cities of Elda and Novelda. This stone is extracted into large blocks of four different denominations: Bateig Azul (Blue), Bateig Beig (Beige), Fantasía Bateig (with biogenic strata) and Bateig Galaxy.
Bateig Stone is not technically a marble, but rather a biocalcaranyte which is considerably more porous. It has been used as a building material in the Novelda region since the 13th century and is the main material used to build the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture in Madrid and the famous Telefónica building on Madrid’s Gran Vía.
Bateig Stone in all its varieties is known for its uniform texture and its enormous resistance to extreme temperature changes.
Above all, the most important use of Alicante marble is construction. This marble can be used for floors, stairs, interior and exterior walls and for countless types of bathroom accessories, fireplaces and for ornamental purposes.